illustrations: Rinus Schulz
The way to good health and longevity has always been an intriguing topic for all peoples. In China the art of healthy living has evolved through thousands of years into a national tradition. It finds its way into history books, novels, stories, poems, Buddhist, Taoist, and Confucian classics, as well as numerous medical works. It is not surprising that every generation boasts a considerable number of centenarians. According to The Yellow Emperor's Canon of Medicine (Huang Di Nei Jing), people should "expend their naturally endowed life spans and pass away only after the age of a hundred."
Ancient Chinese already realized that life lies in motion. "Running water is never stale and a door-
"People well acquainted with the Way in remote times followed the principles of yin and yang, practiced body-
Chinese people have always cherished life, yearned for a long life span and accumulated experience in longevity since early antiquity. A unique way of preserving life was developed and thousands upon thousands of centenarians resulted. Books on how to preserve life and attain longevity are mentioned throughout China's historical records and more than three hundred titles remain extant.
THE WAY TO GOOD HEALTH AND LONGEVITY
LIFE LIES IN MOTION
“Of one's Earthly years
Heaven gives no exact number;
Freedom from stress and sorrow
will make one live longer.”
Cao Cao (155-
Once upon a time, a wayfarer came across ten old men; Over a hundred years of age, all of them were vigorous all the more; With earnesty and sincerity, he hastened forward for the key to their venerable age.
The first, twisting his beard, said:
‘ I neither drink nor smoke.’
The second, smiling, replied:
‘ I take a hike after meats.’
The third, nodding, answered:
‘ I have a vegetarian diet.’
The fourth, a stick in hand, said:
‘ I have all along walked instead of riding.’
The fifth, straightening his sleeves, said:
‘ I myself, have always taken part in physical labor.’
The sixth, carrying a posture of yin-
‘ I practice shadow boxing every day.’
The seventh, rubbing his big nose, said:
‘ I always leave windows open to let in fresh air.’
The eighth, stroking his short beard, said:
‘ I retire early and rise early.’
The ninth, caressing his red cheeks, said:
‘ I resort to sun bath to cause the skin sun burns.’
The tenth, raising his eyebrows, said:
‘I always keep myself from worries.’
Excellent are the statements by the ten old men which explains the secrets one by one.
If you obey them with sincerity, you will surely enjoy longevity.
A RHYME OF TEN OLD MEN ENJOYING LONGEVITY